The question of which side of the road people drive on in various countries arises from time to time which is why this list came about. This is a fairly comprehensive list which has been compiled by various people over the years.
The reasons for choosing one side of the road over another, as well as the reasons for the original choice and the motivations for changing sides is not known. In Europe and the Americas, it seems that left-hand driving was originally the general rule; this was legislated by papal decree in or about 1300. France changed to the right under Robespierre as a gesture of independence from the popes, and when Napoleon later conquered much of Europe, the conquered countries were made to change sides and they never went back. The United States of America drove on the left when they were British colonies, and gradually changed sides of the road beginning in 1792. Driving preferences of most countries which have been colonies of European countries can be traced back to their colonial masters -- for example, most former British colonies drive on the left, with the notable exception of the USA.
The USA once drove on the left. Most people in the USA don't realize this, but the United States of America drove on the left when they were settled by Europeans -- they were, after all, British colonies and of course adopted British driving practices. The native Americans already on the continent presumably either had no preference established and/or were not involved in the decision.
Well enough about the history - now to why you came to read this article.
Great International Driving Tips Resource
Learn about local road rules when visiting a new place or foreign country by visiting the website of the national transport authority. If you're planning to rent a car in Europe, AA publishes some great advice. Also, ask the car-rental company about any unusual road rules you should know about (in New Zealand, for example, left-turning traffic must give way to opposing right-turning traffic, which is completely counterintuitive for American drivers).
Drive on the right-hand side of the road (and mostly the driver sits on the left side of the car).
Drive on the left-hand side of the road (and mostly the driver sits on the right side of the car).
As above, but unconfirmed reports, unsure, or guesses.
? Unknown to me so far.
Pretty much uninhabited or no convention established.
R Afghanistan R Albania R Algeria R Andorra R Angola L Anguilla L Antigua and Barbuda R Argentina R Armenia L Australia R Austria R Azerbaijan L Bahamas R Bahrain L Bangladesh L Barbados R Belarus R Belgium R Belize R Benin L Bermuda L Bhutan R Bolivia R Bosnia and Herzegovina L Botswana R Brazil L Brunei R Bulgaria R Burkina Faso R Burma R Burundi R Cambodia R Cameroon R Canada R Cape Verde R Central African Republic R Chad R Chile R China, People's Republic of (Mainland China) R Colombia R Comoros R Congo L Cook Islands R Costa Rica R Croatia R Cuba L Cyprus R Czech Republic R Denmark R Djibouti L Dominica R Dominican Republic R Ecuador R Egypt R El Salvador R Equatorial Guinea R Eritrea R Estonia R Ethiopia L Fiji R Finland R France R French Guiana R French Polynesia R Gabon R Gambia, The r Gaza Strip R Georgia R Germany R Ghana R Gibraltar R Greece L Grenada R Guadeloupe R Guam R Guatemala L Guernsey R Guinea R Guinea-Bissau L Guyana R Haiti R Honduras L Hong Kong R Hungary R Iceland L India L Indonesia R Iran R Iraq L Ireland R Israel l Isle of Man R Italy R Ivory Coast L Jamaica L Japan R Jordan R Kazakhstan L Kenya l Kiribati R Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North Korea) R Korea, Republic of (South Korea) R Kuwait R Kyrgyzstan R Laos R Latvia R Lebanon
L Lesotho R Liberia R Libya R Liechtenstein R Lithuania R Luxembourg L Macau R Macedonia R Madagascar L Malawi L Malaysia l Maldives R Mali L Malta R Marshall Islands R Martinique R Mauritania L Mauritius R Mexico R Micronesia, Federated States of R Moldova R Monaco R Mongolia R Morocco L Mozambique L Namibia l Nauru L Nepal R Netherlands R New Caledonia L New Zealand R Nicaragua R Niger R Nigeria R Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan) R Norway R Oman L Pakistan R Panama L Papua New Guinea R Paraguay R Peru R Philippines R Poland R Portugal R Puerto Rico R Qatar R Reunion R Romania R Russia R Rwanda L Saint Kitts and Nevis L Saint Lucia L Saint Vincent and the Grenadines R San Marino R Sao Tome e Principe R Saudi Arabia R Senegal L Seychelles R Sierra Leone L Singapore R Slovakia R Slovenia L Solomon Islands L Somalia L South Africa R Spain L Sri Lanka R Sudan L Suriname L Swaziland R Sweden R Switzerland R Syria R Taiwan (Republic of China) R Tajikistan L Tanzania L Thailand R Togo L Tonga L Trinidad and Tobago R Tunisia R Turkey R Turkmenistan l Turks and Caicos Islands l Tuvalu L Uganda R Ukraine R United Arab Emirates L United Kingdom R United States R Uruguay R Uzbekistan R Vanuatu R Venezuela R Vietnam L Virgin Islands (British) L Virgin Islands (US) r Wallis and Futuna Islands [Fr.] r West Bank R Western Sahara (ex Spanish Sahara) R Western Samoa R Yemen R Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) R Zaire L Zambia L Zimbabwe
Right Side Drivers
Left Side Drivers
Afghanistan 22,664,136 Albania 3,249,136 Algeria 29,183,032 Andorra 72,766 Angola 10,342,899 Argentina 34,672,997 Armenia 3,463,574 Austria 8,023,244 Azerbaijan 7,676,953 Bahrain 590,042 Belarus 10,415,973 Belgium 10,170,241 Belize 219,296 Benin 5,709,529 Bolivia 7,165,257 Bosnia and Herzegov. 2,656,240 Brazil 162,661,214 Bulgaria 8,612,757 Burkina Faso 10,623,323 Burma 45,975,625 Burundi 5,943,057 Cambodia 10,861,218 Cameroon 14,261,557 Canada 28,820,671 Cape Verde 449,066 Central African 3,274,426 Chad 6,976,845 Chile 14,333,258 China, Mainland 1,210,004,956 China, Taiwan 21,465,881 Colombia 36,813,161 Comoros 569,237 Congo 2,527,841 Costa Rica 3,463,083 Croatia 5,004,112 Cuba 10,951,334 Czech Republic 10,321,120 Denmark 5,249,632 Djibouti 427,642 Dominican Republic 8,088,881 Ecuador 11,466,291 Egypt 63,575,107 El Salvador 5,828,987 Equatorial Guinea 431,282 Eritrea 3,909,628 Estonia 1,459,428 Ethiopia 57,171,662 Finland 5,105,230 France 58,040,988 Gabon 1,172,798 Gambia, The 1,204,984 Gaza Strip 923,940 Georgia 5,219,810 Germany 83,536,115 Ghana 17,698,271 Gibraltar 28,765 Greece 10,538,594 Guam 156,974 Guatemala 11,277,614 Guinea 7,411,981 Guinea-Bissau 1,151,330 Haiti 6,731,539 Honduras 5,605,193 Hungary 10,002,541 Iceland 270,292 Iran 66,094,264 Iraq 21,422,292 Israel 5,421,995 Italy 57,460,274 Ivory Coast 14,762,445 Jordan 4,212,152 Kazakstan 16,916,463 Kuwait 1,950,047 Kyrgyzstan 4,529,648 Laos 4,975,772 Latvia 2,468,982 Lebanon 3,776,317 Liberia 2,109,789 Libya 5,445,436 Liechtenstein 31,122 Lithuania 3,646,041 Luxembourg 415,870 Macedonia 2,104,035 Madagascar 13,670,507 Mali 9,653,261 Marshall Islands 58,363 Mauritania 2,336,048 Mexico 95,772,462 Micronesia 125,377 Moldova 4,463,847 Monaco 31,719 Mongolia 2,496,617 Morocco 29,779,156 Netherlands 15,568,034 Nicaragua 4,272,352 Niger 9,113,001 Nigeria 103,912,489 North Korea 23,904,124 Northern Mariana 52,284 Norway 4,383,807 Oman 2,186,548 Panama 2,655,094 Paraguay 5,504,146 Peru 24,523,408 Philippines 74,480,848 Poland 38,642,565 Portugal 9,865,114 Qatar 547,761 Romania 21,657,162 Russia 148,178,487 Rwanda 6,853,359 San Marino 24,521 Sao Tome 144,128 Saudi Arabia 19,409,058 Senegal 9,092,749 Serbia 9,979,116 Sierra Leone 4,793,121 Slovakia 5,374,362 Slovenia 1,951,443 South Korea 45,482,291 Spain 39,181,114 Sudan 31,065,229 Sweden 8,900,954 Switzerland 7,207,060 Syria 15,608,648 Tajikistan 5,916,373 Togo 4,570,530 Tunisia 9,019,687 Turkey 62,484,478 Turkmenistan 4,149,283 Ukraine 50,864,009 United Arab Emirates 3,057,337 United States 265,562,845 Uruguay 3,238,952 Uzbekistan 23,418,381 Vanuatu 177,504 Venezuela 21,983,188 Vietnam 73,976,973 Wallis and Futuna 14,659 West Bank 1,427,741 Western Sahara 222,631 Western Samoa 214,384 Yemen 13,483,178 Zaire 46,498,539
Anguilla 10,424 Antigua and Barbuda 65,647 Australia 18,260,863 Bahamas, The 259,367 Bangladesh 123,062,800 Barbados 257,030 Bermuda 62,099 Bhutan 1,822,625 Botswana 1,477,630 British Virgin Islands 13,195 Brunei 299,939 Cook Islands 19,561 Cyprus 744,609 Dominica 82,926 Fiji 782,381 Grenada 94,961 Guernsey 62,920 Guyana 712,091 Hong Kong 6,305,413 India 952,107,694 Indonesia 206,611,600 Ireland 3,566,833 Jamaica 2,595,275 Japan 125,449,703 Kenya 28,176,686 Kiribati 80,919 Lesotho 1,970,781 Macau 496,837 Malawi 9,452,844 Malaysia 19,962,893 Maldives 270,758 Malta 375,576 Mauritius 1,140,256 Mozambique 17,877,927 Namibia 1,677,243 Nauru 10,273 Nepal 22,094,033 New Zealand 3,547,983 Pakistan 129,275,660 Papua New Guinea 4,394,537 Saint Kitts and Nevis 41,369 Saint Lucia 157,862 Saint Vincent 118,344 Seychelles 77,575 Singapore 3,396,924 Solomon Islands 412,902 Somalia 9,639,151 South Africa 41,743,459 Sri Lanka 18,553,074 Suriname 436,418 Swaziland 998,730 Tanzania 29,058,470 Thailand 58,851,357 Trinidad and Tobago 1,272,385 Turks and Caicos Islands 14,302 Tuvalu 10,146 Uganda 20,158,176 United Kingdom 58,489,975 Virgin Island 97,120
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