You can spot them in any big city: gaggles of backpack-lugging, snapshot-taking outsiders who always seem to be at every major landmark.
They're often loud, sunburned and dragging along a bunch of screaming kids. They're tourists.
While not all tourists are that bad, when strangers come to your town or city, you can usually spot them a mile away. And that means that con artists, pickpockets and people who are just looking for an excuse to be inhospitable spot them too.
Here are a few tips to help travelers blend in and get the most out of their trip:
Do your homework It always helps to have some background information on where you're going.
Knowledge of the local customs or history can help you avoid sticking out - or even offending the locals. You don't want to try to get a meal in a small town in Spain, for example, when everyone has closed up shop for their afternoon siesta.
Know the currency Familiarize yourself with the exchange rate so you don't have to figure out how much the local money is worth every time you pay for something.
Avoid having to say things like: "How much is this worth in U.S Dollars?" Find out the exchange rate the day before you leave, apply it to a $10 purchase, and use this scale to calculate the value of your expenditures.
Get familiar with your surroundings This is the third thing that you should nail in order to avoid looking like a tourist. You can buy maps and guidebooks for most major cities around the world in big bookstores or on the internet. Once that's done, you can plan your itinerary and get familiar with the areas you'll be visiting.
Of course, it's not the same as being there. However, if you do your prep work, you're much less likely to be caught off guard by cab drivers who like to take the scenic route. Furthermore, you don't want to get lost, or appear lost, in public.
Learn a few words of the language Get as familiar as you can with the local language. You don't have to be fluent, but it's very helpful to memorize a few basic words, handy phrases (such as "Where's the bathroom?") and common slang.
A real help would be to get yourself a dictionary - a pocket or travel-oriented one is best - before you go. Or better still; try downloading a language app on to your iPhone.
Get directions discreetly Ever see a tourist standing on a street corner with a huge map unfolded? Would you want to look that clueless?
If you do get lost, find a quiet place to open up your map - a store or restaurant will do, providing they let you sit down for a while. Local businessmen and merchants, being established in the area, are also more likely to know the neighborhood and to give you better directions than passersby.
Dress the part Make sure your clothes are appropriate for the local culture and climate. Bermuda shorts and a Hawaiian shirt may be great for St. Petersburg, Florida, but they won't fly in St. Petersburg, Russia. Don't wear souvenir clothes that will give you away as a tourist instantly.
Don't carry heavy bags or other accessories you won't need. If you bring your camera, don't leave it hanging around your neck all day, or even in your hand. Keeping it at the hotel will not only allow you to blend in better, but you'll be less likely to have it damaged or snatched. If you carry it with you, put it in a shoulder bag when you're not using it.
Keep a low profile Always be polite and unobtrusive. Remember, you're a visitor, so act as you would expect someone who is visiting your home to act. If there's a misunderstanding, don't lose your cool. Keep in mind that yelling won't help you be better understood.
Make sure you've replaced the dollars in your wallet with local currency, unless you're in a place where dollars are accepted. If it's practical, make sure you have enough cash on hand so that you don't have to keep getting your currency exchanged, which is often less convenient and more expensive abroad.
Don't travel in big groups or as part of an organized sightseeing tour. There may be strength in numbers, but numbers can also stick out and be unwieldy or downright inflexible when it comes to a change of plans.
Stray off the beaten path If you can, avoid traveling in high season. You'll get a better feel for your destination if you're there when the other tourists are gone, plus you'll get better rates on airfare and accommodation.
Stay away from the obvious tourist traps. When picking restaurants, try some local cuisine instead of visiting a chain that you have back home. You didn't cross an ocean just to eat at another McDonald's, right?
Get help from the locals If you already know someone who lives where you're going, get them to help you and show you around. They'll know where all of the good places to go are, and you'll likely be better treated if you're with a local.
Making new friends there isn't a bad idea either - just be wary of scams.
Otherwise, don't be afraid to ask for help from a hotel concierge or tour guide. It's their job to help you out, and they already know that you're an out-of-towner.