Westerners traveling to third world countries are often targets of criminals around the world because they must obviously travel with money and most likely with a lot of money. This page is meant to provide basic advice only.
Frequently Encountered Problems
Fake police. People who own a police badge and even a uniform may be crooks in disguise. Be suspicious of anybody who asks you to show them your money. Ask to be taken to the nearest police station before they search you or your belongings.
Drugged food/drinks. Don't accept food or drinks offered to you on a bus/train/etc. They may drug you and then rob you.
Money changers. In most countries of the world you don't need to look for black market rates. Sometimes you are approached by people who volunteer to change dollars at very good rates. They will show you a roll of banknotes, then switch it with another roll of worthless notes while they take your dollars.
Avoid crowds where you have to slow down. Every time you slow down while walking in a street you become an easier target.
Be suspicious if somebody slows you down (eg, falls in front of you, his clothes get stuck in something, etc): it may be a pretext to facilitate an accomplice who is behind you.
Be aware of who is behind you. If the same person is behind you for a few minutes, be suspicious.
A decoy wallet may help distract the thief. The thief will target your very visible wallet, while your money is somewhere else (eg, in another pocket).
Avoid to travel with big luggage. The bigger the luggage, the more visible you are and the harder it is for you to defend yourself, chase a thief, etc. Backpacks can be easily opened even while you are walking.
Always ask for receipts at hotels when they make you pay in advance.
Always bargain the price of a taxt before entering it, even if it has a meter. Always use taxis that are recommended and referred by the hotel you are staying. Always be weary of taxis you hail on the street.
In most countries of the world it is inappropriate to approach strangers (especially women). Anybody who approaches you (no matter how big his smile) should make you a little suspicious. Keep your guard up and be careful when talking to strangers.
Anybody who speaks good english and approaches you is suspicious by definition. I am aware of many occassions that person will turn out to be somebody who wants to make money out of you, either by being your guide or by selling you souvenirs or worse. If you refuse, they will turn nasty.
Again, be cautious of strangers. Once they force you to behave friendly, they have the upper hand psychologically. They know that you were raised to be nice to people who are nice to you.
In most countries of the world women never respond to strangers, not even if they like the stranger. For a foreign woman it is never a good idea to respond to men who approach her. The appropriate behavior is cold silence and indifference. Even a "no" is viewed as beginning a conversation. A smile is the worse course of action (in some cultures means "I am saying no but I mean yes").
Avoid being a target
Walk fast all the time. Every time you stop (to browse in a shop, to write a postcard, to take a picture), you become an easy target.
Don't wear expensive clothes/watch. Your watch might be someone's 6 month salary.
Try to dress as much as the natives (give the impression you "live" in the country, not just travel through it).
Dress as humbly as possible.
If you were robbed after something unusual happened in front or around you, don't chase the thief, follow the person who generated the commotion: s/he is probably an accomplice. Don't try to stop her/him until there is police nearby. If s/he is an accomplice, police will probably recognize her/him right away. Accomplices are often women and children.
Move slowly, time is on your side.
Use violence only if the attacker is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Otherwise you may be risking your life: he has obviously more experience than you.
In most countries theft is an accident of life and police will not even make an effort to investigate, but murder, especially of a foreigner, is a major event. From the point of view of a thief, that means that he has no interest in hurting you: if he doesn't hurt you, he's likely to get away with his crime, but he hurts you the entire police force of the nation will be after him. Unless you do something really weird, most of the time a thief who is after your wallet or luggage has any interest in hurting you.
This does not apply solely to Third World countries but also here domestically.
Make sure your luggage does not show from the trunk
If you are lost in an unsafe neighborhood, do not show that you are lost. Do not stop, keep driving and look at the map while driving.
Don't rely on public telephones: if you are in a bad neighborhood, they are unlikely to be working.
The best protection is prevention: make familiar with the topography of the city before you start driving. If you get lost, you should at least be able to guess (without asking) in which direction you have to steer.
Just don't look like a tourist who is lost, helpless and desperate. Look like somebody who lives around there and is about his business.
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