Traveling with pets on planes is more and more common and so are the problems associated with it. So it’s vital that you plan ahead of time as much as possible and make travel decisions that first and foremost keep your pet safe and comfortable. Follow these tips for domestic air or car travel. International travel with your pet requires much more preparation. Did you know that cat and dog passports are specific to each country? Pet owners need to be familiar with these rules before traveling to address pet quarantine in countries that require it. As a general rule, cats are almost always better off left in their own home. Look into a cat-sitter for your time away.
What to Do Weeks or a Couple of Months Before Departure
Help your pet get used to the pet carrier they will travel in ahead of time months or weeks preceding your trip. Place a food dish inside and confine them in it for brief periods. Short drives around the neighborhood can help them get used to the motion and being confined in the small space.
Always check the airline requirements before booking a flight. Each airline has different regulations and exceptions and make sure to ask any questions that may be unclear (be specific). Also, most airlines only allow one or two dogs on each flight, book your pet’s flight as soon as possible, you may need to buy a “seat.” Try to fly on a weekday when airports are less hectic and if they will be traveling in the cargo hold, it is best to fly early in the morning or during the evening and in summer and midday during winter to avoid extreme temperatures. You will also need to obtain a health certificate from your veterinarian dated within ten days of departure.
Follow these tips from the Humane Society of the United States regarding the cargo hold:
- Use direct flights. You will avoid the mistakes that occur during airline transfers and possible delays in getting your pet off the plane.
- Always travel on the same flight as your pet. Ask the airline if you can watch your pet being loaded into the cargo hold and unloaded.
- When you board the plane, notify the captain and, at least, one flight attendant that your pet is traveling in the cargo hold. If the captain knows that pets are on board, he or she may take special precautions.
- Don’t ever ship brachycephalic animals such as Pekingese dogs, bulldogs or Persian cats in the cargo holds.
- If traveling during the summer or winter months, choose flights that will accommodate the temperature extremes. Early morning or late evening flights are better in the summer; afternoon flights are better in the winter.
- Fit your pet with a collar that can’t get caught in carrier doors. Affix two pieces of identification on the collar: a permanent ID with your name and home address and telephone number, and a temporary travel ID with the address and telephone number where you or a contact person can be reached.
- Affix a travel label to the carrier on which you’ve written your name, permanent address, and telephone number, final destination, and where you or a contact person can be reached as soon as the flight arrives.
- Make sure that your pet’s nails have been clipped to protect against them getting hooked in the carrier’s door, holes, and other crevices.
- Give your pet at least a month before your flight to become familiar with the travel carrier. This will minimize his stress during travel.
- Do not give your pet tranquilizers unless they are prescribed by your veterinarian. Make sure your veterinarian understands that the prescription is for air travel.
- Do not feed your pet for four to six hours before the trip. However, you can give him small amounts of water. If possible, put ice cubes in the water tray attached to the inside of your pet’s crate or kennel. (A full water bowl will only spill and cause discomfort.)
- Try not to fly with your pet during busy travel times such as holidays and the summer. Your pet is more likely to undergo rough handling during hectic travel periods.
- Carry a current photograph of your pet. If your pet is lost during the trip, a photograph will make it much easier for airline employees to search effectively.
- When you arrive at your destination, open the carrier as soon as you are in a safe place and examine your pet. If anything seems wrong, take your pet to a veterinarian immediately. Get the results of the examination in writing, including the date and time.
Note that air travel is not that safe for pets. The Humane Society of the United States recommends that you do not transport your pet by airplane unless it is absolutely necessary. That is because they can be vulnerable to oxygen deprivation or heat stroke. Animals flow in the cargo area can be hurt, lost, or killed. Take caution when flying on a plane with your favorite pet.
Packing List for Your Pet
Don’t forget these items when packing your pet’s suitcase:
- Health certificate and medical records
- Contact information for your regular veterinarian and an emergency contact at your destination
- (Dog) Comb, brush, and flea control product
- (Dog) Leash and poop bags
- Pet wipes or grooming products
- Paper towels and stain remover
- Enough food and treats for the entire trip
- Any special medication
- Spare collar with id tag
- Lots of bottled water (a sudden change can upset your pet’s stomach)
- Food and water dishes
- Your pet’s favorite toy and blanket